Gender Justice and Women's Right

Every day, in every country, including Nigeria, women are confronted by discrimination and inequality. They face violence, abuse, and unequal treatment at home, at work, and in their wider communities – and are denied opportunities to learn, earn, and lead.

Women form the majority of those living in poverty. They have fewer resources, less power, and less influence compared to men, and can experience further inequality because of their class, ethnicity, and age, as well as religious and other fundamentalism.

Gender inequality in numbers

  • 24%    Women make up less than 24% of the world’s parliamentarians and 5% of its mayors.
  • 24%    On average, women are paid 24% less than men for comparable work, across all regions and sectors.
  • 2/3    Nearly two-thirds of the world’s 781 million illiterate adults are women, a proportion that has remained unchanged for two decades.
  • 153    153 countries have laws that discriminate against women economically, including 18 countries where husbands can legally prevent their wives from working.
  • 1 in 3    Worldwide, 1 in 3 women and girls will experience violence or abuse in their lifetime.

Achieving gender justice to tackle poverty


Oxfam understands gender justice as the full equality and equity between women and men in all spheres of life, resulting in women jointly, and on an equal basis with men, defining and shaping the policies, structures, and decisions that affect their lives and society as a whole.

Further improvements in legislation and policy are necessary but not sufficient. We believe that transforming gender and power relations, and the structures, norms and values that underpin them, is critical to ending poverty and challenging inequality.

We believe that women taking control and taking collective action are the most important drivers of sustained improvements in women's rights, and are a powerful force to end poverty not only for women and girls but for others too.

Putting women’s rights at the heart of all we do in Oxfam in Nigeria

Whether we are responding to an emergency, working on long terms projects with communities, or campaigning for lasting change, we tackle the inequality and deep-rooted discrimination that makes and keeps women poor. We work closely with women’s rights organizations as partners and allies in order to address gender inequalities effectively and we mainstream gender in all our programming. 

Supporting women’s access to resources

We support women in their fight to have equal opportunities to secure jobs and fair pay as men and have an equal chance to work their way out of poverty.

Raising women’s voices

We support women in their efforts to take part in decision-making at all levels and promote the leadership and participation of women.

Ending violence against women and girls

We work with partners in over 40 countries to stop violence against women by changing laws and challenging culturally accepted practices that treat women as second-class citizens.

Striving for gender equality in emergency response

Throughout all our humanitarian response work, we tailor our activities toward meeting the different needs of women and men in a way that promotes equality between them.

Oxfam Nigeria's Focus

  • Meeting vulnerable people's needs: saving lives
  • Sustaining increased incomes for the poorest
  • Transforming attitudes about women’s roles and right
  • Increasing active citizenship, and the accountability and transparency of 
  • public and private sector

Our Strategies

1. Gender Standalone Initiatives

Here, we address the disadvantage experienced by women due to their gender inequalities. 


2. Gender Mainstreaming Programs

At Oxfam in Nigeria, we integrate gender perspectives into our program intervention, organizational policies, and practices.

Achieving gender justice is not only a matter of basic rights. It’s also a key means of achieving fairer societies and overcoming poverty. And we all have an equal part to play in making it happen.